Image of DO.RE.MEE

Room 3-B3-SR01, Rontgen



Refugees typically display weaker socio-economic status, lower well-being and a more fragile integration in host country than comparable immigrants. In contrast with this widespread disadvantage, we document that refugees hold the lead among foreign-born citizens in naturalization rates. Matching individual records from survey data with changes in citizenship legislation across European countries over the last fifty years, we show that this positive gap is not fully explained by the more favourable naturalization requirements that refugees often face. We then turn to labour market outcomes and instrument the endogenous selection into naturalization with eligibility rules. Our estimates point at large returns from citizenship for refugees: naturalized refugees completely fill the gap with comparable migrants in employment and participation. Positive returns on job quality are observed for other migrants.


Francesco Fasani is an Associate Professor at the Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods of the University of Milan “Statale”. He was previously employed at Queen Mary - University of London, the Barcelona Graduate School of Economics and the Institute for Economic Analysis (IAE-CSIC). He is a Research Affiliate at CEPR (Centre for Economic Policy Research) and a Research Fellow at CReAM (Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration) and IZA (Institute for the Study of Labor). His main research interests are in Labour Economics, Applied Microeconometrics, and Economics of Migration and of Crime and his work has been published in leading economics journals. He has acted as a consultant on migration issues for major international organizations such as EC, IADB, WB, IOM.