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A scale for the measurement of self-efficacy for learning (SEL) at university

Number: 2
Year: 2007
Author(s): Jane E. Klobas, Stefano Renzi, Maria Luisa Nigrelli
Keywords: academic self-efficacy,self-efficacy for learning,SEL,university,measurement scale
Students' experiences at university prepare them for a future in which they are expected to engage in life-long learning. Self-efficacy theory suggests that a persons beliefs in their capacity to learn will influence their participation in learning. This paper describes development of a new scale to measure self-efficacy for learning (SEL) among university students, designed to be appropriate for both campus-based and online learning, and for administration in a battery of tests on student development. Undergraduate students (n = 265) in a business school in Milan and a department of psychology in Rome participated in the final study. Beginning with a random sample of 200 participants, item response theory and exploratory factor analysis with LISREL were used to identify a 10 item scale to measure SEL. The scales properties were confirmed in a second random sample of 200 participants, using confirmatory factor analysis in LISREL. Correlation with expected grades was, consistent with earlier studies, moderately small (.22), but statistically significant.

Jane E. Klobas

Universita Bocconi, Dondena Centre for Research on Social Dynamics and University of Western Australia, Business School


Stefano Renzi

Universita Bocconi, Dondena Centre for Research on Social Dynamics


Maria Luisa Nigrelli


Keywords: academic self-efficacy, self-efficacy for learning, SEL, learning, university, measurement scale


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